Difference Between Horizontal Analysis and Vertical Analysis


For example, the amount of cash reported on the balance sheet at December 31 of 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, and 2002 will be expressed as a percentage of the December 31, 2002 amount. This shows that the amount of cash at the end of 2006 is 134% of the amount it was at the end of 2002. The restated financial statement is known as common size financial statement. A common-size income statement allows you to compare your company’s income statement to another company’s or to the industry average.

It provides a good opportunity to compare your company’s “return on sales” with the performance of other companies in your industry. The comparison between the two ratios indicates that despite the rise in both revenue and cost of sales, the gross profit has changed only marginally. Vertical analysis expresses each amount on a financial statement as a percentage of another amount. In the current year, company XYZ reported a net income of $20 million and retained earnings of $52 million. Consequently, it has an increase of $10 million in its net income and $2 million in its retained earnings year over year.

The difference between vertical analysis and horizontal analysis

Horizontal analysis can be done using either absolute numbers or
percentages. Absolute numbers show the actual dollar value of the line items,
while percentages show the percentage change in the line items over time. By
analyzing horizontal trends, investors and analysts can identify patterns and
changes in a company’s financial performance. In Horizontal Financial Analysis, the comparison is made between an item of financial statement, with that of the base year’s corresponding item. On the other hand, in vertical financial analysis, an item of the financial statement is compared with the common item of the same accounting period. With different bits of calculated information now embedded into the financial statements, it’s time to analyze the results.

Difference Between Horizontal Analysis And Vertical Analysis

The company will need to further examine this difference before deciding on a course of action. Another method of analysis MT might consider before making a decision is vertical analysis. Horizontal and vertical analysis Difference Between Horizontal Analysis And Vertical Analysis are two types of analysis you can do that use simple mathematical formulas. Horizontal analysis is valuable because analysts assess past performance along with the company’s current financial position or growth.

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A common-size balance sheet can also be compared to the average percentages for the industry. Horizontal analysis, also known as trend analysis, is the process of comparing
financial data from different periods to identify changes over time. This method
involves comparing the line items on a financial statement for two or more
periods to see how they have changed. Horizontal analysis can be done for a
single financial statement, such as the income statement or balance sheet, or
for multiple financial statements. Vertical analysis reports each amount on a financial statement as a percentage of a base item.

What is horizontal analysis vertical analysis and trend analysis?

While horizontal analysis is used to compare line items over specific periods of time in order to spot trends, vertical analysis is used to restate and compare changes in percentages, and is more frequently used by investors and creditors to compare company performance with other companies in the same industry.

It involves identifying the co-relation of items relating to a company’s financial information and how they affect the overall performance of an organization. For instance, vertical analysis can be used in the determination of cost of goods in relation to the organization’s total assets. This type of analysis enables the performance comparison with other firms in the same industry. In this analysis, the line of items is compared in comparative financial statements or ratios over the reporting periods, so as to record the overall rise or fall in the company’s performance and profitability.

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